Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT): Explained

By Published On: September 1, 20211.6 min read

In finance, EBIT, also known as earnings before interest and taxes, measures a company’s profitability. It is also known as operating profit, operating earnings, and profit before interest and taxes.

EBIT Formula

The formula to work out EBIT is as follows:

EBIT = Net Income + Interest + Taxes


EBIT = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold – Operating Expenses (e.g. wages)

Understanding EBIT

EBIT focuses on a company’s ability to produce profit — ignoring external variables. It can be used to compare profitability from company to company as well as within the same company year over year.

Before judging a company’s EBIT, it is important to know what the industry standard is. This differs sector to sector.

EBIT can also be used when calculating financial ratios. One such ratio is the interest coverage ratio which uses the following formula:

Interest Coverage Ratio = EBIT / Interest Expense

However, EBIT includes depreciation as part of its calculation. This can lead to misleading results when comparing companies with a lot of fixed assets and a company with fewer fixed assets. This issue is addressed with EBITDA and net operating income (NOI).


Unlike EBIT, EBITDA includes depreciation and amortization expenses when calculating a company’s financial performance.

The EBITDA formula is as follows:

EBITDA = Net Profit + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortization

This means EBITDA calculates a company’s operational performance without considering interest, taxes or capital assets. This allows for a more direct comparison of a company’s performance.


EBIT is not to be confused with net operating income (NOI), which calculates the profitability of real estate.

The formula to work out NOI is as follows:

NOI = Real Estate Revenue – Operating Expenses

NOI does not take depreciation and amortization expenses into account, whereas EBIT does. EBIT measures the profitability of a company and NOI measures the profitability of real estate.

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